Friday, October 15, 2010

House Tidbits Hidden Away in Local Town Histories

Local town history books can be a great source for information when you are researching the history of your house.  Towards the end of the 19th century town and county history books were very popular.  Many were created and you will likely find one, the other or both for your area.

Local town history books not only provide history of town events, they often also included biographies of current  residents and genealogies of the founding families. Though you might not expect it, these items can provide a wealth of details for your research.
For example, consider the book Swampscott [MA]: Historical Sketches of the Town by Waldo Thompson (1885).  Following are a number of details I culled from it about local homes and home owners.

Note: items in brackets [ ] are not original text but added to facilitate context.

Philip L. Seger – "came to Swampscott in 1800 and lived at the old farm-house on the Mudge estate. The old elm near was set out in 1740."  (p. 172)

While this doesn't tell you the exact location of the Mudge estate it is probably easy to find out.  If the old farm-house is still there then this helps date it to the early 1800s.  Check to see if the old elm tree still stands.

Ebenezer Weeks – "first came to Swampscott in the year 1805 and lived on what is now the “Rowe” farm."  (p. 173)

Again, no street address but other records or even a different chapter in the same book might reveal where Rowe farm is located.  Rowe farm, if still standing, could go by the same name today.

Captain Nathaniel Blanchard – "When he built his brick house, the first in town, he went out fishing one morning in his dory, caught a load of fish, took them to Boston, sold them, and came home with the dory laden with stone caps, which were placed over the windows in his new house. His widow still lives [in 1885] in the brick house on Humphrey Street."   (p. 174)

It is extremely helpful to know this was the first brick house in town.  And such specifics about the source of architectural detail on the house is a real treasure.  Do you live in the old brick house on Humphrey Street?

William Marshall – "lived in the Marshall House, on the Point. Daniel Webster was at one time his guest." (p. 176)

If you live in the Marshall House on the Point, you would likely be delighted to know that Daniel Webster was once a guest. That would also increase its historical significance.

Deacon James Wheeler – "lived in the only house on Blaney Street at that time [1833 when he was married]. Land on Blaney Street was valued at thirty dollars per acre in 1845, while now (1884) it would cost thousands." (p. 176)

Learning that this house was the first house on Blaney Street is very important.  Knowing the values of land in 1845 vs. 1884 will be of interest to all Blaney Street home owners.

Dr. J.B. Holder – "He built a pretty cottage, with diamond-shaped windows, adjoining what is now [1884] the summer residence of Charles E. Morrison, on Winnepurkitt Hill." (p. 177)

For a home owner who would like to place a marker/plaque on their home, this provides the critical information regarding the first owner/builder.

John Chapman - "a well-known house carpenter; has built many first-class houses during the past forty years." (p. 181)


Though not in reference to any particular house, this is none-the-less helpful in identifying the builder of numerous homes between 1845 and 1885.  If several "John Carpenter" houses can be definitively identified through other records then that can lead to uncovering others by comparing style and architectural details.

Check your local library to see if you can find late 18th century town or county histories for your region. If you've already traced the deeds to your house, then locating the name of a former owner will be easy. You may be able to unearth new details about your own home.

Photo credit:
John Humphrey House, Paradise Road,Swampscott, Massachusetts. HABS, http://www.loc.gov, HABS MASS,5-SWAM,1-

2 comments:

  1. I found lots of books in the Londonderry library that describe houses on streets, going family by family. The best was a series of five short volumes produced by the Londonderry Historical Society in the 1960s. Now, today many of those homes are gone, but many survive. I'm sure there are similar series done by other towns, hiding in their local libraries. You can still walk those streets and match up the house descriptions. A good start for research, then follow up with deeds and other sources.

    A similar NH resource is "Brewster's Rambles", a series of articles by Charles W. Brewster about Old Portsmouth. He gave descriptions of the town, also short genealogies, anecdotes, and other stories as he rambled around town. You can find these transcribed on www.seacoastnh.com and on Google Books.

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  2. The "old farm house" on the Mudge estate, is the one pictured in your blog, only now at its new location (moved ca. 1925) on Paradise Rd.

    The Rowe farmhouse still stands, a saltbox on Humphrey Street, near the Marblehead line.

    Nathaniel Blanchard's brick house was torn down long ago. The local Roman Catholic church built a school on the property.

    Another book on Swampscott was written in the 1930s, "Uncle George's Story" by George Gilbert, that gives even more detail regarding the 19th century residents of the waterfront and dowtown area of Swampscott.

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